1. For each of the items (i) (x), choose the correct answer from among the given

alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1. There are two levels of looking at history. At the first level history studies man’s

struggles to obtain fundamental material needs. At the second level history_______

  1. studies past records and human achievements
  2. investigates human failures and success in course of production
  3. searches for information about past societies in order to discover past cultures
  4. studies relationships that develops between man and man, and between man

and the environment in course of material production

  1. describes the past so that one knows how the present came into being and this

gives opportunity to forecast the future.

  1. The large state in Central Africa from 1885 to 1908 in personal union with the

Kingdom of Belgium under Leopold II was known as_____________

  1. Katayamvo C. Congo Free State
  2. Tsonga D. AmaZulu

iii. Christopher Columba and his crew discovered the present day North America in ___

  1. 1652 B. 1498 C.1492 D. 1698 E. 1693
  2. What was the achievement of man during the late Stone Age?
  3. Discovered fire and ate cooked food.
  4. Started walking upright using forelimbs.
  5. Made and used pebble and chopping tools.
  6. Started walking on all four limbs
  7. Domesticated animals and wild fruits.
  8. Which one among the following places did people extract gold from in West Africa?
  9. Bure and Wangara C. Taghaza and Bilma. D. Axum and Meroe.
  10. Meroe and Egypt E. Uvinza and Bure.
  11. Which one among the following factors contributed to the rise of states in North


  1. Low level of productive forces. D. Presence of chartered companies.
  2. Hunting and gathering activities. E. Absence of classes among the people.
  3. Trade across Sahara and Islam.19

vii. _____________________is a unifying name for two groups of peoples of Southern

Africa who share physical and putative linguistic characteristics distinct from the

Bantu majority of the region. Culturally, they are divided into the foraging San, or

Bushmen, and the pastoral Khoi, or more specifically Khoikhoi, previously known

as Hottentots.

  1. Khoisan peoples B.Herero C. Namaqua D. Ovambo E. Damara.

viii. The people of African origin in Diaspora supports the development of African

development through_________

  1. The East African community D. Organization of African Unity
  2. East African Community E. United Nations Organization
  3. Pan Africanism.
  4. Which one of the following best explains the reason which made Tanganyika to use

constitution means during her struggle for independence?

  1. It was a mandated territory. D. It was a trusteeship territory.
  2. It adopted the Open Door Policy. E. It was a settler colony.
  3. It was under indirect rule policy.
  4. The smallest unit of French political administration in French Colonial Africa was

headed by a European officer and consisted of several cantons, each of which in turn

consisted of several villages, and was instituted in France’s African colonies from

1895 to 1946. This subdivision was named as__________________________

  1. Circle system C. Assimilation D. Association E. Direct rule
  2. Indirect rule
  3. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the

correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

List A List B

  1. The Kanem Empire
  2. The Soninke people

iii. Aksumite Empire

  1. Berbers
  2. Herero Wars
  3. Sakalava

vii. In 1877

viii. From 11, October,

1899, to May 31, 1902

  1. 1602
  2. 1879
  3. The name of the kings (or mai, as they called

themselves) of the Kanem-Bornu Empire,

centered first in Kanem in western Chad, and

then, after 1380, in Borno (today’s

northeastern Nigeria).

  1. A Mandé people who descend from the

Bafour and are closely related to the

Imraguen of Mauritania,founders of the

ancient empire of Ghana c. 750–1240 CE.

Subgroups include the Maraka and Wangara.

  1. At its height extended across most of

present-day Eritrea, northern Ethiopia,

western Yemen, southern Saudi Arabia, and


  1. An ethnic group indigenous to North Africa

distributed in an area stretching from the 20

Atlantic Ocean to the Siwa Oasis in Egypt,

and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Niger


  1. A series of colonial wars between the

German Empire and the Herero people of

German South-West Africa (present-day

Namibia, c. 1903–1908).

  1. An ethnic group of Madagascar that occupies

the western edge of the island from Toliara in

the south to Sambirano in the north

  1. The Transvaal Boer republic was forcefully

annexed by Britain as part of the attempt to

consolidate the states of southern Africa

under British rule.

  1. At its height encompassed an area covering

Chad, parts of southern Libya (Fezzan) and

eastern Niger, north-eastern Nigeria, and

northern Cameroon.

  1. The Second Boer War started broke out and

Great Britain defeated two Boer nations in

South Africa: the South African Republic

(Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free


  1. The Dutch East India Company founded
  2. British settlement at the cape
  3. The Almoravids invaded Ghana empire
  4. Mineral revolution in South Africa
  5. The Boer trek
  6. Difagine wars
  7. Ngoni migration
  8. Cecil Rhodes arrived in Southern Rhodesia
  9. The Sahel region
  10. Nama Herero wars
  11. (a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate
  12. The Trans-Atlantic caravan routes
  13. The cape colony

iii. The land of Northern Rhodesia

  1. The city state and country where Fort Jesus was built by the Portuguese
  2. The two African countries which were not colonized.

(b) Mention five coastal towns in East Africa which became famous because of the

commercial contacts between the people of East Africa, Middle and Far East21

  1. (a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5

beside the item number.

  1. Afterwards colonialists established colonial economy and colonial

relations of production in a colony

  1. By the beginning of 1900’s most colonial powers had successfully

suppressed all initial African resistances.

iii. The Berlin conference of November 1884 to February 1885 paralyzed

the scramble for African continent among the imperialist powers

  1. Then the colonialists established the colonial state to help impose

colonial rule among Africans

  1. The rise of monopoly stage of capitalism and imperialism in the mid

ninetieth century in Europe made Europe unable to meet economic

motives within Europe hence began to fight to secure areas of

influence outside Europe particularly in Africa.

(b) The items (i- iv) consist of four sentences which form a complete historical

meaning. One of the sentences (A- E) is missing. Identify the missing sentence

and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) 1. In 1652, a century and a half after the discovery of the Cape sea route,

Jan van Riebeeck established a refreshment station at the Cape of Good

Hope at what would become Cape Town, on behalf of the Dutch East

India Company.

  1. The Dutch transported slaves from Indonesia, Madagascar, and India as

labour for the colonists in Cape Town.

  1. __________________________________________________________
  2. The Conflicts arose among the Xhosa, Zulu, Sotho, and Boer groups

who competed to expand their territories.

  1. The Mali Empire was an empire in West Africa that lasted from

1230 to 1600 and profoundly influenced the culture of the region

through the spread of its language, laws, and customs along lands

adjacent to the Niger River, as well as other areas consisting of

numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces.

  1. The Ghana Empire, called the Wagadou (or Wagadu) Empire by its

rulers, was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania, western

Mali, and eastern Senegal

  1. The British annexed the Cape Colony in 1806 and continued the

frontier wars.

  1. The British took control of Egypt, which at first took the form of

indirect and informal rule and later as an official protectorate, began

in the 1880s.

  1. Yoruba land was the cultural region of the Yoruba people in West

Africa spanning the modern-day countries of Nigeria, Togo, and


(ii) 1. The forerunners of colonialism came before the establishment of colonial

rule in Africa.

  1. These colonial compradors were the travellers, explorers, missionaries and


  1. The explorers supplied important information to their mother countries
  2. ___________________________________________________________
  3. Missionaries spread Islam throughout the interior of East Africa
  4. Missionaries like William Mackinnon and Karl Peters led their

Companies to exploit protectorates

  1. Trading companies financed the activities of missionaries in

scramble for colonies

  1. Missionaries learnt native languages hence became useful

interpreters when trading companies were signing bogus treaties

with indigenous.

  1. William Mackinnon was an explorer who headed Imperial British

East African Company.

(iii) 1. West Africans came into contact with European merchants during


  1. The early stage of capitalism was the phase of primitive accumulation of


  1. _________________________________________________________.
  2. During this phase commerce was the most important activity.
  3. The motives of European merchants were to stop slave trade.
  4. West African societies benefited much from these early contacts.
  5. In Europe it was known as the age of discovery and overseas


  1. The red Indians for the first time came to trade in West Africa.
  2. In this trade the European slaves were exchanged for African goods.

(iv) 1. Assimilation was introduced in Africa by French

  1. __________________________________________.
  2. The system was similar to German direct rule
  3. The system intensified resistance from the natives.
  4. Africans used Jumbes and Akidas to represent their problems.
  5. Portuguese applied this system in her colonies in Africa.
  6. The system improved the living standard of the Africans.
  7. The policy banned traditional institutions.
  8. The system helped the French to consolidate tribalism.

(v) 1. Colonial transport network ran perpendicular to the coast.

  1. Railroad was the chief means of transport to the coast in many colonies
  2. Colonialists used the means of transport to facilitate colonial production
  3. _________________________________________________________.
  4. Colonial transportation concentrated in rural areas.23
  5. Colonial administrators, labourers and soldiers were transported to

different parts of colony calling for their need and use.

  1. There was equal distribution of transport services during colonialism.
  2. Transport services led to the higher population growth in colonies.
  3. Transportation led to the emergence of civil wars in Africa.
  4. Discuss the cause of the Boer trek and its consequences to the people of South Africa.

Give three points each side.

  1. Account for the rise and fall of Mali Empire in Western Sudan. Give three points each


  1. Why did it take too long to end slave trade in East Africa? Give six reasons.
  2. With examples elaborate the six weaknesses of colonial education.
  3. Decolonization in Portuguese colonies in Africa was tough and complicated. The

colonies under Portuguese opted armed struggle instead of peaceful means. Why such

colonies waged armed struggle? Give six points

  1. Explain six problems facing post-colonial African societies whose rootstrace back to

colonial era.

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