1. For each of the items (i) – (x), choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and

write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

(i) Tanganyika became a republic on

A 9th December 1961 B 9th December 1962 C 26th April 1964

D 12th January 1964 E 14th October 1963

(ii) Which one of the following is a characteristics of formal sector in Tanzania

A Employees wages are often low

B Lack of permanent business places

C Employees lack social security protection

D Low capital investment

E Business activities are regulated by taxation law

(iii) The current constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania was enacted in

A: 1977 B: 1961 C: 1964 D: 1964 E: 1965

(iv) Which of the following is the second step in problem solving process?

A Initiating mediation B. Agree in solution

C Gathering information D. Defining the problem

E Generating alternatives

(v) The ability of a person to think and come up with new idea is known as

A Creative thinking B. Critical thinking C. Decision making

D Problem solving E. Deep thinking5

(vi) The major driving force of globalization is

  1. Rapid population growth

B Revolution in communication and information technology

C Improvement of transport and communication

D Development of multi-lateral co-operation

E Colonialism

(vii) The way male and female are portrayed in the society is referred to as

A Gender Blind B Gender discrimination C Gender role

D Gender stereotyping E Gender balance

(viii) The parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania is divided into ;

A The prime minister and the National Assembly

B The president and the National Assembly

C The speaker and the National Assembly

D The National Assembly and the Parliament

E The Clerk and the National Assembly

(ix) The following are indicators of poverty except

A low per capita income

B Low level of science and technology

C Low rate of infant mortality rate

D Low life expectance

E High illiteracy rate

(x) Aspect of culture which involves the tangible things

A Non-material culture B Traditions C Customs

D Language E Material culture

  1. Match the items in List A with the correct response in List B by wring the letter of the

corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

List A List B

(i) The exercise of fairness and justice to all sexes

without discrimination.

(ii) The situation where one sex is treated either better or

worse than the other.

(iii)The way men and women are shown in the society.

(iv)Inability to know that there are different gender roles

(v) The systematic effort to identify and understand the

roles of women and men within a given society.

Gender analysis


  1. Gender blindness
  2. Sexuality
  3. Female Genital


  1. Gender equity
  2. Gender discrimination
  3. Gender balance
  4. Gender equality
  5. Widow inheritance
  6. Gender stereotyping
  7. Bride price6
  8. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

Many people participate in wealth production in our country. Tanzania is endowed with many

resources. It has fertile land and favourable climate. However, labour is needed in order to benefit

from these favourable factors. In our country labour sources include; peasants, small scale

farmers, livestock keepers, traders, workers in crafts, and industrial workers in general. Most of

working force is employed in agriculture about 75-80 percent of Tanzania working force is

employed in agriculture. This is because our agriculture is not mechanized. The majority of

agricultural producers in our country are peasants. They still use simple tools such as hoes.

In addition to farming, our country is rich in livestock consist of cattle, goats, sheep, poultry and

pigs. Livestock keepers provide Tanzania with meat, milk and eggs which are very important a

source of protein. They are also source of government revenue, for example hides and skins are

exported to earn foreign currency. They are also used locally in making shoes for people.

Another important activity and source of employment and income is fishing. Much labour is

used in fishing especially for those living near lakes and oceans. Unfortunately, the fish industry

is seriously affected by lack of experts and efficient modern fishing technology. Some fishermen

use dangerous and destructive methods such as explosive in fishing.


(a) Identify the suitable title of this passage.

(b) According to the passage, what are four main sources of labour in Tanzania?

(c) With reference to the passage, how can Tanzania benefit from livestock keeping sector?

(d) List down two problems that hinder fishing industry in Tanzania.

(e) In your own words, what can be done in order to improve the agriculture sector in

Tanzania? (Give four points).

  1. (a) (i) What is local government?

(ii) List down four sources of local government revenue.

(b) Outline five importance of national constitution.

  1. Examine six cause root of improper behavior in a society.

(vi)A globally accepted strategy for promoting gender


(vii) Social relationship between male and female.

(viii) Biological different between male and female.

(ix)Situation where by women are treated badly compared

to men.

(x) The removal of the outer part of the sexual organ of a


  1. Sexual intercourse
  2. Women discrimination
  3. Gender oppression
  4. Women empowerment
  5. Sex
  6. Gender
  7. Gender mainstreaming
  8. Polygamism7
  9. “Globalization is blessing to Tanzania.” Defend this statement by using six points.
  10. Examine six advantages of the private sector to the economy of Tanzania.
  11. “Failure to apply life skills can lead to problems.” Identify six consequences of not applying

life skills.

  1. Tanzania is credited for promoting and broadening the scope of democracy. Give six points

to show the validity of this statement.

  1. “To a great extent, the road accidents in Tanzania are manmade.” Justify this statement by

giving six points

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